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Jatropha Oil Extraction

 

Jatropha oil can be extracted from the seeds by three ways. They are:

Mechanically

Chemically

Enzymatically

Here is a chart that describes the process of oil extraction from the seeds, Jatropha oil extraction chart

jatropha oil extraction chart

Below are some of the methods that are usually followed to extracts the oils from jatropha seeds.

Oil Presses

Oil presses method is used to extract the oil using simple mechanical devices. It is also done manually. The most commonly used oil presses method is the Bielenberg ram press method.

Bielenberg ram press method is a simple traditional method that uses simple devices to extract the oils. With the help of this method 3 liters of oil can be obtained with 12 kg of seeds.

Oil Expellers

Oil expellers method is also use for jatropha oil extraction. The most commonly used method is the Sayari oil expeller method. This method is also called as Sundhara oil expeller. Komet oil expellers are also used.

These sayari oil expellers was developed in Nepal and is a diesel operated one. Now it is developed in Tanzania and Zimbabwe mainly for the production jatropha oil. Heavy oil expellers are made of heavy cast iron and the light ones are made up of iron sheets. Electricity driven models are also available.

Komet oil expeller is a single oil expeller machine that is used not only to extract the jatropha oil as well for the preparation of the oil cakes.

Traditional Methods

Traditional methods are used in the rural and developing areas for extracting the oils. Traditional methods are simple and the oil is extracted by hand using simple equipment.

Hot oil extraction

The process of extracting the oil at high pressure is called as hot oil extraction method. Since jatropha oil can regulate the operating temperature it is extracted using the hot oil extraction method.

Then the cold oil extraction method it is easy to extract the oil from the hot oil extraction since the oil flows more easily due to higher viscosity. And the press cake that remains after extracting the oil also have less oil content which might be 3 to 7 % approximately. These two reasons make the oil press method very interesting.

During the oil extraction method many stuffing of the seeds are converted into gum like substances and some non organic substances. These are unwanted products and so they have to be refined.

Modern Concepts

Modern methods are followed to extract more oils from the jatropha seeds. In these modern concepts chemical methods like aqueous enzymatic treatment is used. The maximum yield by following this modern method is said to be about 74/5.

The main idea in researching the modern concepts is to extract a greater percentage of oil from the jatropha seeds.