Greenhouse gases cause global warming
Jatropha can offset 8kg of CO2 a year
Greenhouse gases are a group of gaseous substances that create a so-called greenhouse effect in the atmosphere. This effect results from the fact that certain gases prevent infrared radiation from escaping into the atmosphere and thus increasing the temperature of the earth.
The most relevant greenhouse gases are:
- Water (in its gaseous state, H20)
- Carbon dioxide (CO2)
- Methane (CH4)
- Nitrous oxide (N2O)
- Ozone (O3)
- Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)
- Hydro fluorocarbons (HFC)
- Perflurocarbons (PFC)
Jatropha impact on greenhouse gases
A single Jatropha tree can absorb 8 kg of carbon dioxide every year. The biodiesel produced from the Jatropha oil helps in 3.2 kg reduction of CO2 emission per liter. The biomass produced after the remains of the oil extraction also helps in the reduction of CO2 based on the amount of electricity generated.
The biofuel produced from Jatropha results in 1.2% of fuel savings. The scientist also reveals that a decrease in the use of fuel will decrease the amount of CO2 emission. The biofuel from Jatropha can be used with a 50/50 blend with jet fuel.
Jatropha biodiesel has a significant adverse effect on greenhouse gases. They tend to balance the ecosystem. The destruction of the forest has also led to an increase in the emission of CO2. Jatropha plant can grow on wastelands with little irrigation, and the plant absorbs more CO2 gases so that planting Jatropha will decrease the emission of greenhouse gases.